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- Comparing Papanicolau smear, visual inspection with acetic acid and human papillomavirus cervical cancer screening methods among HIV-positive women by immune status and antiretroviral therapy
Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of death among women in Sub-Saharan Africa. In many countries, a single visit, screen-and-treat approach is recommended. The approach is simple. Using household vinegar, cotton swabs, and a good light source, Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid, or VIA, can detect pre-cancerous changes to the cervix. The reason for this approach is also simple. It is cost-effective, low-tech, easy to implement, and women don’t have to wait for lab results in order to receive treatment.